|Old Covenant||New Covenant|
|Mediated through Moses||Mediated through Christ|
|Access to the Holy of Holies (the presence of God) limited to the High Priest||All believers have access to the Holy of Holies through Jesus who is now our High Priest|
|Pointed forward to Christ||Fulfilled in Christ|
|Blood of animals an imperfect offering for sin||Jesus shed blood a perfect offering for sin|
|Atonement made once a year by the High Priest||Jesus, our High Priest, made atonement once for all|
|The Holy Spirit dwelt temporarily in God's people||The Holy Spirit dwells permanently in those who belong to God|
|Levitical priesthood||Melchizedek priesthood|
|Continual sacrifices needed for sin||Jesus' one sacrificial payment for sin by His death on the cross means no more sacrifices are needed|
|Obedience mainly out of fear||Obedience mainly out of love|
Authors: Matthew (1 book), Mark (1 book), Luke (2 books), John (5 books), Paul (13 books), Peter (2 books), Jude (1 book), James (1 book), [Book of Hebrews: author unknown]
Dates Written: App. 48-95 A.D.
Places Written: Antioch, Rome, Ephesus, Corinth, Macedonia, Jerusalem, Patmos
|Law (5 books)||Genesis - Deuteronomy|
|History (12 books)||Joshua - Esther|
|Poetry (5 books)||Job - Song Of Solomon|
|Prophecy (17 books)||Isaiah - Malachi|
|Gospels (4 books)||Matthew - John|
|History (1 book)||Acts|
|Epistles (21 books)||Romans - Jude|
|Prophecy (1 book)||Revelation|
James | Gala | 1 Th | 2 Th | 1 Cor | 2 Cor | Rom | Eph | Col | Phile | Philip | Heb | 1 Tim | Titus | 1 Pet | Jude | 2 Pet | 2 Tim | 1 Jn | 2 Jn | 3 Jn | Rev
Matthew | Mark | Luke | Acts | John
Introducing Some Of The Key Church Fathers:
Bishop of Rome (App. 88-98)
Born: Possibly Greece
Considered the 4th Pope.
Irenaeus said he "had seen the blessed Apostles (Peter and Paul) and had been conversant with them."
Tertullian said he was ordained by Peter.
Bishop of Antioch
Believed to have known some of the Apostles and may have been a student of John.
Friend of Polycarp
Believed to have been the first to use the word "Catholic" for the universal church.
Bishop of Hierapolis
Irenaeus said he was "a hearer of John, and a companion of Polycarp."
Bishop of Smyrna (For app. 50 yrs.):
KEY: Irenaeus confirmed that Polycarp was a student of John and he (Irenaeus) was a student of Polycarp, therefore, there was only one generation between Irenaeus and John.
Irenaeus also said that as a boy he heard Polycarp discuss how he had spoken "with John and those who had seen the Lord," and "heard from them about the Lord, about his miracles, and about his teaching."
Irenaeus said Polycarp had been converted to Christianity by the Apostles.
Polycarp was a companion of Papias.
On the day of his death, said he had served the Lord for 86 years.
One of the earliest and greatest Christian apologists
Born: Flavia Neopolis, Palestine
Was brought up a pagan and became a Christian at age 30.
Opened a school in Rome.
Bishop of Lyons
A student of Polycarp.
Born: Possibly Athens
Parents were wealthy pagans.
Origen was his pupil.
After Augustine, considered the greatest of the Christian writers.
Born: Carthage, North Africa
"Father of the Latin church"
Apparently the first to use the word "trinity."
Bishop of Rome
Born: Possibly Palestine
May have been a pupil of Irenaeus.
Apologist, Theologian, Teacher, Scholar
Born: Alexandria, Egypt
A student of Clement Of Alexandria.
Taught some bad teachings such as pre-existence of souls and universalism.
Bishop of Caesarea
Considered the "Father of church history."
A huge number of writings, including the only surviving account of the first 300 years of church history.