New Testament Survey: The Book Of John

Written By: Steve Shirley


The Book Of John

Author:  John

** A far from provable tradition reported by Tertullian and Clement says that at one point during the reign of Domitian, John was taken to Rome where he was thrown into "boiling oil" and was "unhurt."

The Stats:

Date Written:

Place Written:  Ephesus

Written To:  Christians (particularly Gentiles)

Key Phrase:  Jesus Is God

Key Verses:  (Jn 1:11-13,29)(Jn 3:16)(Jn 10:10,27-29)(Jn 11:25-26)(Jn 13:35)(Jn 14:6)(Jn 17:17)


#1. To prove the deity of Jesus. Apparently, in the time John wrote his Gospel, the deity of Jesus was being questioned.

#2. To supplement the other Gospels which had already been written years earlier (according to Clement, his friends at the time asked him to do this), and to add a number of things they passed over. (For example, the other Gospels focused almost entirely on Jesus' ministry in Galilee, while John focuses almost entirely on His ministry in Judea.)

Special Emphasis:

Jesus was/is the Word (Jn 1:1), and the "Word WAS God." (Jn 1:14).

Thomas called Jesus "My Lord and my God." (Jn 20:28)

Jesus said, "I and my Father are one." (Jn 10:30) (In verses 10:31-33, the Jews were going to stone Jesus for this because He was making Himself God.)

Jesus allowed Himself to be worshipped. (Jn 9:38)

Jesus said in (Jn 6:49), "YOUR fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead." Why did Jesus say "Your fathers?" Weren't they also HIS fathers? Jesus was proclaiming His deity by disassociating Himself from mankind.

In (Jn 5:16-18), Jesus claimed God was His Father. The Jews were going to stone Jesus for saying this statement. Why? Because in Jewish thinking, the father WAS the son. Jesus was saying He was God!

Jesus said to ask in His name and HE would do it. (Jn 14:13-14)

Jesus is called the creator of all things (Jn 1:3), and God is called the Creator (Gen 1:1)(Isa 42:5)(Isa 45:18).

Jesus said He would judge (Jn 5:27), which was something that belonged to God (Heb 13:4)(Rom 3:6)(Ps 82:8)(Ps 50:6).

Jesus called Himself a "Saviour" (Jn 4:42), which was a name for God (1 Tim 4:10)(Jude 25)(Titus 2:10)(1 Tim 2:3).

Jesus said He was the "Light" (Jn 12:35-36), which was also a name for God (1 Jn 1:5)(Ps 27:1)(Isa 60:20)(Mic 7:8).

Jesus called Himself the "Fountain of Life" (Jn 4:14)(Jn 6:35), which God was called (Ps 36:9).

Jesus said He was the "shepherd" (Jn 10:11,14), a name given to God (Ps 80:1)(Ps 23:1).

**Because of this emphasis, John is probably the most attacked book in the New Testament.

He uses the wordThe other Gospels combined use it only
"Father" 122 times70 times
"believe" 96 times37 times
"world" 80 times33 times
"life" 44 times38 times
"true" 20 times3 times
"truth" 27 times11 times

Key things in John not found in the other Gospels:


The book is in seven natural divisions:

1. Prologue: The eternal Word incarnate in Jesus the Christ, 1:1-14.

2. The witness of John the Baptist, 1:15-34.

3. The public ministry of Christ, 1:35-12:50.

4: The private ministry of Christ to His own, 13:1-17:26.

5. The sacrifice of Christ, 18:1-19:42.

6. The manifestation of Christ in resurrection, 20:1-31.

7. Epilogue: Christ the Master of life and service, 21:1-25.

(Survey from Scofield Reference Notes [1917 ed.]: Public Domain)