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    Q: #236. Who wrote the books of the Bible?

By: Steve Shirley

    A: The Bible is a collection of 66 books (39 Old Testament - 27 New Testament), written by about 40 "human" authors over a period of between 1500 to 1600 years. It is important to note, however, that while these men may have written the words in the Bible, they were given the words to write down by God Himself. God sovereignly provided these words to them through the Holy Spirit. There are three key verses in the Bible that best explain this:

(2 Tim 3:16) All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:

(2 Pet 1:20-21) knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. (21) For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.

*** For more on how God inspired these authors, see Q: #175.

     Below, I am listing the author or possible author(s) that the majority of scholars believe wrote each book. It should be noted that, except for a few books, there is rarely TOTAL agreement on any author. There are also quite a few proofs to support the authorship of some that I don't list here. You can often find some of these proofs at the beginning of each book in many study Bibles. I go into much more depth for New Testament author proofs in my New Testament Survey. (I do not yet have an Old Testament Survey as of this writing.)

OLD TESTAMENT
BookAuthorVerse Proofs
GenesisMosesVerses Pointing At Moses Writing The 1st 5 Books: (Lk 24:27,44)(Deut 31:24-26)(Mk 12:26)(Josh 1:7-8)(2 Cor 3:15)
ExodusMoses(Mk 12:26)(Mk 7:10)(Lk 20:37)
LeviticusMoses(Rom 10:5)(Mt 8:4)(Lev 27:34)
NumbersMoses(Num 36:13)
DeuteronomyMoses (Except For Ch. 34, Likely Joshua)(Mt 19:7-8)(Acts3:22)(Rom 10:5)(2 Kin 14:6)
JoshuaJoshua (Except for 24:29-33, Possibly Eliazar Or Phinehas)(Josh 24:26-27)
JudgesUnknown (Likely Samuel, Possibly Nathan, Gad) ------------------------------
RuthUnknown (Samuel Likely) ------------------------------
1 SamuelUnknown (Samuel, Nathan, Gad, Ezra Proposed But All Unlikely) ------------------------------
2 SamuelUnknown (Same As 1 Samuel) ------------------------------
1 KingsUnknown (Jewish Tradition Says Jeremiah, But This Is Unlikely) ------------------------------
2 KingsUnknown (Same As 2 Kings) ------------------------------
1 ChroniclesUnknown (Ezra Very Likely) ------------------------------
2 ChroniclesUnknown (Same As 1 Chronicles) ------------------------------
EzraEzra (Possibly Nehemiah) ------------------------------
NehemiahEzra (Possibly Nehemiah)**Ezra/Nehemiah Originally One Book So Two Diff Authors Unlikely ------------------------------
Esther(Mordecai Proposed, Possibly Ezra, NehemiahPossible Mordecai Support (Esther 9:20,32)
JobUnknown (Job Unlikely, Moses, Solomon Proposed)------------------------------
PsalmsDifferent Authors: David, Asaph, Sons Of Korah, Solomon, and more... About 50 Authors Unknown.Openings Of Chapters Name Authors
ProverbsSolomon (Prov 30: Agur)(Prov 31: Lemuel)(Prov 1:1)(Prov 10:1)(Prov 25:1)
EcclesiastesSolomon(Eccl 1:1,12,16)(1 Kin 3:12)
Song Of SolomonSolomon(Song 1:1,5)(Song 3:7,9,11)(Song 8:11,12)
IsaiahIsaiah(Mt 3:3)(Mt 12:17-21)(Jn 12:38-41)(Isa 1:1)
JeremiahJeremiah(Jer 1:1)
LamentationsJeremiahThe Introduction To This Book In The LXX points to Jeremiah Writing It.
EzekielEzekiel(Eze 1:1,3)
DanielDaniel(Mt 24:15)(Mk 13:14)(Dan 8:15,27)
HoseaHosea(Hos 1:1-2)
JoelJoel(Joel 1:1)(Acts 2:16-21)
AmosAmos(Amos 1:1)(Amos 7:8)(Amos 8:1-2)
ObadiahObadiah(Obad 1:1)
JonahJonah(Jon 1:1)
MicahMicah(Mic 1:1)
NahumNahum(Nah 1:1)
HabakkukHabakkuk(Hab 1:1)
ZephaniahZephaniah(Zeph 1:1)
HaggaiHaggai(Hag 1:1,3,12-13)(Hag 2:1,10,20)
ZechariahZechariah(Zech 1:1,7)
MalachiMalachi(Mal 1:1)
NEW TESTAMENT
MatthewMatthew------------------------------
MarkMarkPossible Clue (Mk 14:51-52)
LukeLuke------------------------------
JohnJohn(Jn 21:20-24)
ActsLuke------------------------------
RomansPaul(Rom 1:1)
1 CorinthiansPaul(1 Cor 1:1-2,13)(1 Cor 3:4-6)(1 Cor 4:15)(1 Cor 16:21)
2 CorinthiansPaul(2 Cor 1:1)(2 Cor 2:1-4)(2 Cor 10:1)
GalatiansPaul(Gal 1:1)(Gal 5:2)
EphesiansPaul(Eph 1:1)(Eph 3:1)
PhilippiansPaul(Phil 1:1)(Phil 3:4-7)
ColossiansPaul(Col 1:1,23)(Col 4:18)
1 ThessaloniansPaul(1 Th 1:1)(1 Th 2:18)
2 ThessaloniansPaul(2 Th 1:1)(2 Th 3:17)
1 TimothyPaul(1 Tim 1:1-2)(1 Tim 1:12-13 see: Acts 9:1-5)
2 TimothyPaul(2 Tim 1:1-2)(2 Tim 3:10-11)
TitusPaul(Titus 1:1)
PhilemonPaul(Phm 1:1,9,19)
HebrewsUnknown (Paul, Barnabas, Apollos, Silas, And Others Proposed)------------------------------
JamesJames (Jesus' Half-brother)(James 1:1)(Jude 1:1)
1 PeterPeter(1 Pet 1:1)(2 Pet 3:1)(1 Pet 5:1)
2 PeterPeter(2 Pet 1:1)(2 Pet 3:1)(2 Pet 1:14 see: Jn 21:18-19)(2 Pet 1:16-18 see: Mt 17:1-4)
1 JohnJohn------------------------------
2 JohnJohn------------------------------
3 JohnJohn------------------------------
JudeJude (Jesus' Half-brother)(Jude 1:1)
RevelationJohn(Rev 1:1,4,9)(Rev 21:2)(Rev 22:8)

 

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