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New Testament Survey: The Book Of Luke

Written By: Steve Shirley

 

The Book Of Luke

Author:  Luke

(Mt 26:28)(Mk 14:24) say, "this is my blood of the new testament," while
(Lk 22:20)(1 Cor 11:25) say, "This cup is the new testament in my blood."

**Notice also that both Luke and Paul say this occurred "after supper" "when he had supped" while neither Matthew nor Mark mentions this.

(Mt 26:26)(Mk 14:22) say, "Take, eat: this is my body." while
(Lk 22:19) says, "This is my body WHICH IS GIVEN FOR YOU: THIS DO IN REMEMBRANCE OF ME."
(1 Cor 15:24) says, "Take, eat: this is my body, WHICH IS BROKEN FOR YOU: THIS DO IN REMEMBRANCE OF ME."

**Neither Matthew nor Mark mentions the capitalized parts.

Also compare:

(Lk 4:32) / (1 Cor 2:4)(Lk 6:36) / (2 Cor 1:3)
(Lk 10:8) / (1 Cor 10:27)(Lk 11:41) / (Titus 1:15)
(Lk 18:1) / (2 Th 1:11)(Lk 21:36) / (Eph 6:18)
(Lk 24:46) / (Acts 17:3)(Lk 24:34) / (1 Cor 15:5)

** Paul's 2nd imprisonment in Rome (app. 66-67 A.D.) was when he was murdered.

The Stats:

Date Written:

Place Written:  Uncertain, likely Rome, possibly Caesarea or Achaia.

Written To:  The Greeks (Gentiles) (Specifically to Theophilus [name means "beloved of God"] who was a friend of Luke's, and likely a Roman official or someone of influence.)

Key Phrase:  Jesus The Man

Key Verses:  (Lk 1:3-4)(Lk 3:16)(Lk 19:9-10)(Lk 23:33-34)(Lk 24:1-3)

Purpose:  To create a historically accurate and chronological account of the life of Jesus Christ through careful and thorough investigation of the facts.

Special Emphasis:

1. There is a stronger emphasis on prayer. The word "pray" (or a form of it) is used 32 times in Luke: (1:10,13)(1:46-55)(2:37)(3:21)(5:16,33)(6:12,28)(9:18,28-29)(10:2)(11:1-13)(18:1,10-11)(19:44)(20:47)(21:36)(22:32,40-47)(23:34,46)
The other Gospels combined use it only 42 times.

2. There is a greater emphasis placed on the perfect "humanity" of Jesus Christ (i.e. showing His emotions).

3. Luke places more focus on women:

Elisabeth and Mary: (Lk 1:5-67)
Anna: (Lk 2:36-38)
Joanna: (Lk 8:3)(Lk 24:10)
Mary Magdalene: (Lk 8:2)(Lk 24:10)
Mary, the mother of James, plus other women: (Lk 24:10)
Mary and Martha: (Lk 10:38-42)
The widow of Nain: (Lk 7:11-17)
The sinful woman who anoints Jesus: (Lk 7:36-50)
The persistent widow: (Lk 18:1-8)
The woman with the issue of blood: (Lk 8:43-48)
The ruler's daughter who was raised from the dead: (Lk 8:40-42,49-56)
The crippled woman that Jesus healed: (Lk 13:10-17)
The woman who gave two mites: (Lk 21:1-4)
The mourning woman: (Lk 23:27-31)
The women who followed Jesus from Galilee: (Lk 23:49)
The women who anointed Jesus' body: (Lk 23:55-56-24:1-9)

4. There is more emphasis on Jesus' sympathy and compassion for children, the weak, and the poor.

5. Because Luke was a physician, he placed a great emphasis on healing. He uses the word "heal" or a form of it 27 times: (Lk 4:18,23,40)(Lk 5:15,17)(Lk 6:7,17-19)(Lk 7:3,7)(Lk 8:2,36,43,47)(Lk 9:2,6,11[2],42)(Lk 10:9)(Lk 13:14[2])(Lk 14:3,4)(Lk 17:15)(Lk 22:51)
This is the same number of times it is used in the other Gospels combined.

He also shows cases where Jesus healed individuals 10 times:
(Lk 4:38-39)(Lk 5:12-13)(Lk 5:18-25)(Lk 7:11-15)(Lk 8:43-48)(Lk 8:49-56)(Lk 13:10-13)(Lk 14:2-4)(Lk 17:12-14)(Lk 22:50-51).

Luke shows us where Jesus referred to Himself as a "physician" (for sinners).

** It is humorous to note two differing accounts of the woman with the issue of blood.
In (Mk 5:26) it says: She had suffered at the hands of many physicians.
She had spent all of her money on them.
She wasn't healed at all, but was even worse.

While "Luke the physician" basically says in (Lk 8:43) that her disease was incurable.

6. He emphasizes that salvation is also for the Gentiles (Lk 2:30-32)(Lk 3:6).

ProphecyFulfilled In
Preceded by a messenger (Mal 3:1)(Isa 40:3)(Lk 3:4-6)(Lk 7:27)
Ministry of the Messiah described (Isa 61:1-2)(Lk 4:18-19)
My house shall be called the house of prayer (Isa 56:7)(Lk 19:46)
The stone which the builders rejected (Ps 118:22)(Lk 20:17)

**Also see: (Lk 24:25-27,44-45)

Jesus clearly proclaimed His deity a number of times in the book of Luke:

Key things in Luke not found in the other Gospels:

Survey:

Luke has seven chief divisions:

1. The Evangelist's introduction, 1:1-4.

2. The human relationships of Jesus, 1:5-2:52.

3. The baptism, ancestry, and testing of Jesus, 3:1-4:13.

4. The ministry of the Son of man as Prophet-King in Galilee, 4:14-9:50.

5. The journey of the Son of man from Galilee to Jerusalem, 9:51-19:44.

6. The final offer of the Son of man as King to Israel, His rejection and sacrifice, 19:45-23:56.

7. The resurrection, resurrection ministry, and ascension of the Son of man, 24:1-53.

(Survey from Scofield Reference Notes [1917 ed.]: Public Domain)