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New Testament Survey: The Book Of James

Written By: Steve Shirley

 

The Book Of James

Author:  James (Jas 1:1) (Greek "Iakobos" Hebrew "Yaakov" should be literally translated "Jacob")

1. James, Jesus' half-brother (same mother: Mary, different father: Joseph vs God)(Mt 13:55)(Mk 6:3)(Gal 1:19)
*** He was likely the 2nd oldest child of Mary since he is listed first in the names of Jesus' brothers.

2. James (Son of Zebedee, brother of John)(Mt 4:21)(Mt 10:2)(Mt 17:1)(Mk 3:17)(Mk 10:35)(Mk 13:3)(Lk 9:54)(Acts 1:13)
*** He was martyred about 44 A.D. by King Herod (Acts 12:2).

3. James (Son of Alphaeus)(Mt 10:3)(Mk 3:18)(Lk 6:15)(Acts 1:13)
*** He was also called "the less" (Mk 15:40).

4. James (father of Judas: not Iscariot)(Lk 6:16)(Acts 1:13)

(James 1:1) / (1 Pet 1:1)(James 4:1) / (1 Pet 2:11)
(James 1:2) / (1 Pet 1:6, 4:12-15)(James 4:6) / (1 Pet 5:5-6)
(James 1:11) / (1 Pet 1:24)(James 4:7) / (1 Pet 5:9)
(James 1:18) / (1 Pet 1:3)(James 4:10) / (1 Pet 5:6)
(James 2:7) / (1 Pet 4:14)(James 5:20) / (1 Pet 4:6)
(James 3:13) / (1 Pet 2:12)

1. He was called "old camel knees" (his knees were hard like a camel's) because he spent so much time on his knees in prayer.

2. He was called a "Hebrew of the Hebrews" because of his faithful observance of all the ritual regulations of the Jewish faith.
(While he did not require Gentile Christians to obey these regulations [as per the "Council at Jerusalem"] he did continue to teach their observance to Jewish Christians [see: Acts 21:18-25].)

3. Josephus tells us that James was martyred (about 62 A.D.) when Ananias the High Priest ordered that he be stoned to death. (Because James was so popular, a revolt occurred and Ananias was deposed after only a 3 month rule.) However, Hegesippus said that James was thrown from the pinnacle of the Temple, stoned because he was not killed in the fall, and finally was beaten over the head with a fuller's club.

The Stats:

Date Written:

Place Written:  Likely Jerusalem (from which James never seems to have left)

Written To:  "The twelve tribes which are scattered abroad" (Jas 1:1) (Jews who were believers [Jas 2:1] [Jas 5:7-8] in Christ.)

Key Verses:  (Jas 1:2-3,12-15)(Jas 2:5,10,14-19)(Jas 3:1)(Jas 4:3-7,17)(Jas 5:12-16,19-20)

Purpose: 

Special Emphasis:

(James 1:2) / (Mt 5:10-12)(James 3:11-12) / (Mt 7:16-20)
(James 1:4) / (Mt 5:48)(James 3:17-18) / (Mt 5:9)
(James 1:19-20) / (Mt 5:22)(James 4:11-12) / (Mt 7:1-5)
(James 2:8) / (Mt 5:43-44)(James 5:2) / (Mt 6:19)
(James 2:13) / (Mt 5:7)(James 5:12) / (Mt 5:33-37)

Survey:

1. The testing of faith, 1:1-2:26.

2. The reality of faith tested by the tongue, 3:1-18.

3. The rebuke of worldliness, 4:1-17.

4. The rich warned.

5. Hortatory.

(Survey from Scofield Reference Notes [1917 ed.]: Public Domain)