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New Testament Survey: The Book Of Galatians

Written By: Steve Shirley

 

The Book Of Galatians

Author:  Paul (Gal 1:1-2)(Gal 5:2)
(For more on Paul see: Survey: Biography Of Paul)

Galatians 3:6 to Romans 4:3
Galatians 3:11 to Romans 1:17
Galatians 3:27 to Romans 13:14
Galatians 4:9 to Romans 1:19
Galatians 4:30 to Romans 4:3
Galatians 5:14 to Romans 13:9
Galatians 5:16,25 to Romans 8:4
Galatians 6:2 to Romans 15:1

A little leaven: (Gal 5:9)(1 Cor 5:6)
Circumcision is nothing: (Gal 5:6, 6:13)(1 Cor 7:19)
Be not deceived: (Gal 6:7)(1 Cor 6:9, 15:33)
They that are Christ's: (Gal 5:20)(1 Cor 15:23)
Heresies: (Gal 5:20)(1 Cor 15:23)

Another Gospel: (Gal 1:6)(2 Cor 11:4)
Bring into bondage: (Gal 2:4)(2 Cor 11:20)
Devour: (Gal 5:15)(2 Cor 11:20)
New creature: (Gal 6:15)(2 Cor 5:17)
Soweth: (Gal 6:7-8)(2 Cor 9:6)
Contrariwise: (Gal 2:7)(2 Cor 2:7)

The Stats:

Date Written:

Place Written:  Antioch (Possibly Ephesus or Macedonia if North Galatian Theory is true)

Written To:  Christians in the region of Galatia. (This is the only letter addressed to churches in a region and not a specific church: Gal 1:2)

Key Verses:  (Gal 2:11-16,20-21)(Gal 3:11,13)(Gal 3:26,28)(Gal 5:1)(Gal 5:16,22-23)(Gal 6:1-3,7)

Purpose: 

1. To defend his apostolic authority and show that the Gospel he taught was from the Lord (Chapters 1-2).

2. To define what the Gospel of grace is, and to show that we are justified by faith, not by works or keeping the law (emphasis on refuting circumcision)(Chapters 3-4).

3. To exhort the Galatian believers and show them how to practically apply the Gospel to their lives, as well as how to properly use their Christian liberty (Chapters 5-6).

** Paul was apparently so distressed about the situation in Galatia, that after writing the usual greeting that started his letters, he omitted the usual "thanksgiving" that usually followed the greeting.

About The City:

North Galatian vs South Galatian Theories:

Special Emphasis:

Bondage: 6 times | Soweth: 3 times | Reap: 4 times | Curse: 3 times | Witchcraft: the only time in the NT

Survey:

1. Salutation, 1:1-5.

2. Theme, 1:6-9.

3. Paul's Gospel is a revelation, 1:10-2:14.

4. Justification is by faith without the law, 2:15-3:24.

5. The rule of the believer's life is gracious, not legal, 3:25-5:15.

6. Sanctification is through the Spirit, not the law, 5:16-24.

7. Exhortations and conclusion, 5:25-6:18.

(Survey from Scofield Reference Notes [1917 ed.]: Public Domain)