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New Testament Survey: Biography Of Peter

Written By: Steve Shirley

 

Peter

Jesus' call to discipleship (probably when Peter was between 30-40 years of age)(Mt 4:18-20)(Mk 1:16-18).

His attempt to walk on water (Mt 14:28-32).

His confession that Jesus was "the Christ, the Son of the living God" (Mt 16:16)(Mk 8:29)(Lk 9:20)(Jn 6:69).

Jesus tells Peter that he was "the rock (upon which) I will build my church" (Mt 16:18). He also gives Peter "the keys to the kingdom of heaven" (Mt 16:19).

Peter rebukes Jesus (for saying how He would be killed) and Jesus in turn rebukes Peter (Mt 16:21-23)(Mk 8:31-33).

Asking how often one brother must forgive another brother (Mt 18:21).

Sent with John to prepare the "Last Supper" Passover meal (Lk 22:7-13)(Mk 14:12-16).

His initial refusal, and subsequently allowing, Jesus to wash his feet (Jn 13:3-9).

Jesus' foretelling Peter's three time denial (Mt 26:33-35)(Mk 14:29-31)(Lk 22:31-34)(Jn 13:36-38).

Cutting off the ear of the High Priest's servant Malchus (Jn 18:10-11)(Mt 26:51)(Mk 14:47)(Lk 22:50).

His denial of Jesus (Mt 26:69-75)(Mk 14:66-72)(Lk 22:54-62)(Jn 18:15-27).

Ran to Christ's tomb after it was reported empty and entered into it (Jn 20:1-10)(Lk 24:12).

The resurrected Jesus appears first to him before the other disciples (Lk 24:33-34)(1 Cor 15:4-5).

Jesus asks Peter 3 times "do you love me?" and he in turn professes his love for Jesus (Jn 21:15-17).

Present at Jesus' ascension (Mk 16:19-20)(Lk 24:50-53).

Remember when we discussed in our Survey of Acts that most scholars believe that in (Mt 16:19), when Jesus gave Peter the "keys to the kingdom of heaven," this was so that Peter could open the door to the kingdom of heaven by bringing 3 different groups of people into God's New Covenant group by group? This "Baptism of the Holy Spirit" occurred in Acts:
1st The Jews (Acts 2:14-47)
2nd The Samaritans (Acts 8:14-25)
3rd The Gentiles (Acts 10:44-48)

Speaking in the "upper room" of the need to select a replacement for Judas (Acts 1:15-26).

Preaches the first sermon on Pentecost (Acts 2:14-39).

Healing the crippled beggar outside the Temple (Acts 3:1-10).

Pronounces judgment on Ananias and Sapphira (Acts 5:1-11).

Rebukes Simon the sorcerer who desires to purchase the power of the Holy Spirit (Acts 8:14-24).

Peter meets Paul for the first time since his conversion (Gal 1:18-19) compare to (Acts 9:26-30).

Raises Dorcas (Tabitha) from the dead at Joppa (Acts 9:36-43).

God shows him that salvation has been granted to the Gentiles (Acts Ch. 10).

Reports to the apostles and brethren in Judea that God has granted salvation to the Gentiles (Acts 11:1-18).

Thrown in prison by Herod and subsequently released by an angel (Acts 12:3-19).

Played a key role at the Jerusalem Council in deciding if Gentiles needed to "be circumcised and keep the law" (Acts 15:24) in order to be saved (Acts 15:1-31).