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New Testament Survey: Biography Of Peter

Written By: Steve Shirley

 

Peter

Jesus' call to discipleship (probably when Peter was between 30-40 years of age)(Mt 4:18-20)(Mk 1:16-18).

His attempt to walk on water (Mt 14:28-32).

His confession that Jesus was "the Christ, the Son of the living God" (Mt 16:16)(Mk 8:29)(Lk 9:20)(Jn 6:69).

Jesus tells Peter that he was "the rock (upon which) I will build my church" (Mt 16:18). He also gives Peter "the keys to the kingdom of heaven" (Mt 16:19).

Peter rebukes Jesus (for saying how He would be killed) and Jesus in turn rebukes Peter (Mt 16:21-23)(Mk 8:31-33).

Asking how often one brother must forgive another brother (Mt 18:21).

Sent with John to prepare the "Last Supper" Passover meal (Lk 22:7-13)(Mk 4:12-16).

His initial refusal, and subsequently allowing, Jesus to wash his feet (Jn 13:3-11).

Jesus' foretelling Peter's three time denial (Mt 26:33-35)(Mk 14:29-31)(Lk 22:31-34)(Jn 13:36-38).

Cutting off the ear of the High Priest's servant Malchus (Mt 26:51)(Mk 14:47)(Lk 22:50)(Jn 18:10).

His denial of Jesus (Mt 26:69-75)(Mk 14:66-72)(Lk 22:54-62)(Jn 18:15-27).

Ran to Christ's tomb after it was reported empty and entered into it (Jn 20:1-10)(Lk 24:12).

The resurrected Jesus appears first to him before the other disciples (Lk 22:33-34)(1 Cor 15:4-5).

Jesus asks Peter 3 times "do you love me?" and he in turn professes his love for Jesus (Jn 21:15-17).

Present at Jesus' ascension (Mk 16:19-20)(Lk 24:50-53).

Remember when we discussed in our Survey of Acts that most scholars believe that in (Mt 16:19), when Jesus gave Peter the "keys to the kingdom of heaven," this was so that Peter could open the door to the kingdom of heaven by bringing 3 different groups of people into God's New Covenant group by group. This "Baptism of the Holy Spirit" occurred in Acts:
1st The Jews (Acts 2:14)
2nd The Samaritans (Acts 8:1, 4-25)
3rd The Gentiles (Acts 10:44-48)

Speaking in the "upper room" of the need to select a replacement for Judas (Acts 1:15-26).

Preaches the first sermon on Pentecost (Acts 2:14-39).

Healing the crippled beggar outside the Temple (Acts 3:1-10).

Pronounces judgment on Ananias and Sapphira (Acts 5:1-11).

Rebukes Simon the sorcerer who desires to purchase the power of the Holy Spirit (Acts 8:15-24).

Peter meets Paul for the first time since his conversion (Gal 1:18-19) compare to (Acts 9:26-30).

Raises Dorcas (Tabitha) from the dead at Joppa (Acts 9:36-43).

Reports to the apostles and brethren in Judea that God has granted salvation to the Gentiles (Acts 11:1-18).

Thrown in prison by Herod and subsequently released by an angel (Acts 12:3-19).

Played a key role at the Jerusalem Council in deciding if Gentiles needed to "be circumcised and keep the law" (Acts 15:24) in order to be saved (Acts 15:1-31).